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Bharatiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati (BPKP) is a sub-mission under the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), which falls within the umbrella of the National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
BPKP aims at promoting traditional indigenous practices, which give freedom to farmers from externally purchased inputs. It focuses on on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching; use of cow dung–urine formulations; and exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs either directly or indirectly.
The scheme has a total outlay of Rs 4645.69 crore for the period of six years (2019-20 to 2024-25) and implemented on demand driven basis following Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) guidelines. Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis with a vision of covering 12 lakh ha in 600 major blocks of 2000 hectare in different states. The scheme is compliant to PGS-India certification under PGS India programme. Eight states—Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand—have opted for the scheme.
This centrally sponsored scheme aims to improve farmers’ profitability, availability of quality food and restoration of soil fertility and farmland ecosystem as well as generate employment and contribute to rural development.